Climate in Finland
The image of Finland can sometimes be exaggerated with moose and polar bears roaming the streets while hearty Finns swim in the freezing Baltic. Truthfully, it’s a modern and hip country, but the seasons (and our love of sauna) are very real. We Finns take great pride in our four seasons, each unique and different. Spring, summer, autumn or winter – every season has its own charm!
Oh, how we love our long summer nights! The summer in Finland may be short, but we sure know how to cherish it. The warm weather and sunshine bring joy to all, and a sun that refuses to set casts its own magic glow over this time of year. North of the Arctic Circle, the midnight sun stays continuously above the horizon from early June to early July, but even in the southern parts of the country summer nights are very short and bright. The temperature often rises to +20 °C and can sometimes surprise us with reaching above +30°C.
This time of year most Finns have their holiday to soak up the sun, spend time with their loved ones, retire to their summer cabins, go to festivals and just enjoy life. The occasional rainy days are the perfect time to heat up the sauna or grab a book that’s been waiting to be read.
Cosy up with a cup of tea, bring out the candles and fuzzy wool socks as it’s starting to get chilly outside!
The days are short, but snow brings with it a welcomed whiteness and a bit of extra light. Northern Finland is covered with snow from November to April, but in the south it usually arrives a little later, varying in amount from one year to the next.
North of the Arctic Circle, there’s a period known as the polar night, when the sun does not rise above the horizon at all. In south, the shortest day is about 6 hours long. Temperatures of -20°C are not uncommon in many areas. The average temperature in Helsinki in February -5°C, whereas the winter temperatures in Finnish Lapland can be much lower.
Winter is also a great time for winter sports: skiing, skating, snowboarding and with some Finnish sisu, you can even go ice-swimming too.
Autumn and spring
Don’t underestimate autumn and spring. They may be transitional seasons with a rainy reputation, but are no strangers to sunnier times either. The weather is difficult to predict as it varies a lot from one year to the next, and even from day-to-day.
One thing however always holds true: there is something very special in the gradually increasing sunshine and warmth of early spring. It brings with it melting snow, budding leaves, and the birds that are finally heading home. Similarly, although autumn brings the darkening days and cooling weather, it is also a season of beautiful colours as the leaves in the trees turn bright yellow, orange, and red.
In Finland temperatures are given in degrees Celsius “°C”. (To convert to Fahrenheit multiply Celsius by 1.8 and add 32.)
For more information...
...check out the related links on the right-hand margin of this page. Don't forget to visit the seasonal picture galleries on the Visit Finland site, and the VisitFinland Youtube channel